Do I have a risk of developing diabetes?
These are factors that increase your risk of developing diabetes:
Being overweight: For Asians, a BMI (BMI = body mass index = bodyweight in kg divided by height squared in metres) greater than 23 kg/m² is considered overweight. For other ethnicities such as African, Black American, Caucasian, Middle Easterner and Latin American, a BMI greater than 25 kg/m² is considered overweight. For “Other” ethnicities in which there is no scientifically validated data, Aktivo® will use a BMI of greater than 23 kg/m² as overweight, which may overestimate the risk of disease.
Physical inactivity: The greater your inactivity, the greater your risk. Your Aktivo Score® can be used to improve your physical activity.
Low dietary fibre intake: You can increase your fibre intake by following recommendations in the recipe section.
Having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes.
Age: Your risk of developing diabetes increases as you get older.
Smoking: The more cigarettes you smoke per day, the greater your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Too much alcohol can make you gain weight and increase your BMI.
Some ethnicities are prone to diabetes, especially Asians, Africans and Hispanics.
Hsu, W. C., Araneta, M. R., Kanaya, A. M., Chiang, J. L., & Fujimoto, W. (2015). BMI cut points to identify at-risk Asian Americans for type 2 diabetes screening. Diabetes care, 38(1), 150–158. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-2391
Lindström, J., & Tuomilehto, J. (2003). The diabetes risk score: a practical tool to predict type 2 diabetes risk. Diabetes care, 26(3), 725–731. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.3.725
Colberg, S. R., Sigal, R. J., Fernhall, B., Regensteiner, J. G., Blissmer, B. J., Rubin, R. R., Chasan-Taber, L., Albright, A. L., Braun, B., American College of Sports Medicine, & American Diabetes Association (2010). Exercise and type 2 diabetes: the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement. Diabetes care, 33(12), e147–e167. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-9990